How a fire swept through an unsprinklered upholstery unit

The Business Sprinkler Alliance (BSA) shares their insight of a fire that destroyed an upholstery factory earlier this year and by having a sprinkler system in place would have minimised the damage and resources required to combat the blaze.

An early morning blaze at an industrial estate in Blackburn destroyed the production facilities of a local furniture upholsterer. The devastating fire swept through the unsprinklered upholstery unit, sending plumes of orange smoke across the town, with the business and several others now counting the cost of the damage and dealing with the disruption to their livelihoods.

Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service was called to the fire in the early hours of 17th February when it broke out at NW Upholstery on Lower Hollin Bank Street. On arrival, the fire was well established and had spread to several neighbouring businesses in an adjacent industrial unit. The blaze required 50 firefighters, 8 appliances and specialist equipment including aerial ladder platforms. It took over 9 hours before fire crews could bring the fire under control.

Although no injuries were reported, considerable resources were used by the fire and rescue service to control the fire. The fire service worked hard to protect surrounding properties yet the intervention of 50 firefighters could not stop the fire in a building of this size. Industrial fires impact far larger premises with similar results and with potentially larger impacts.

The fire at the upholstery unit in Blackburn is in stark contrast to a similar fire two years earlier at the Sofa Traders Warehouse in Sheffield. The outcome was completely different as the fire was suppressed and extinguished by an automatic sprinkler system, preventing any further damage and allowing the business to be operational the following day.

That fire broke out in the loading area of the premises on Richmond Park Road on February 10th 2022 with five fire crews from the South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service attending the fire. The sprinkler system contained what could have been a potentially major fire and ensured it was only a minor inconvenience.

The South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service said at the time: “The fire started behind some roller shutter doors in a loading area behind the shop, but because the premises had sprinklers fitted the fire was contained. Therefore, what could have been a very big fire was in fact over quite quickly.”

While containing and extinguishing fires without loss of life is crucial, comparing these two events highlights the stark differences in potential outcomes. The fire in Blackburn needed huge resources and continues to have far-reaching effects. The fire in Sheffield used far less resources and had limited impact on the local community. By reducing fire spread, we not only protect lives, we protect property, businesses and jobs. A properly controlled fire can be the difference between a building requiring minor repair or costly demolition and reconstruction.

Image Credit: Graham Woods

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